Biodiversity of Bhutan

Jigme Dorji National Park (JDNP)

Jigme Dorji National Park was named in the memory of the third King and it was established as a wildlife sanctuary in 1974.itis located at altitude of 27 N, the park is in the Tropic of Cancer, in the Greater Himalayan range above 4,600m, ramins under snow during the winter and peaks above 4,600m.Due to the large amount of area in the alpine vegetation zone, the park is particularly rich in alpine species diversity. Four Bhutanese symbols (Raven, cypress, Bluepoppy and Takin) are present in JDNP.therenare many floras can be found during the summer and spring season. JDNP is rich fauna. More than 100 species of mammals, 317 species of birds and many species of insects,reptiles and butterflies have been sighted.it is in Punakha,Gasa,Thimphu andParo at in4,316.00sq.km.

Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park (JSWNP)

Located almost in the central part of Bhutan. It covered the areas of Gasa, wangdiphodrang, Bumthang, Trongsa and Lhuentse in 4,914.00sq.km. It is bordered by Royal Manas National Park in south and linked by biological corridors to Jigme Dorji National Park to the north. Due to the variation in altitude and rainfall pattern, the park’s diversity of flora and fauna.JSWP has some of the largest and least –disturbed tracts in eastern Himalayan eco-region and ane of the main habitats in Bhutan for highly endangered Bengal Tiger.Rain creates an extermly wide diversity in climate, ranging from wet subtropical in the south to permanent ice filds and tundra in the north.

Royal Manas National Park (RMNP)

This park is the oldest national park in Bhutan. It was first designated as a game sanctuary and in 1964 was upgraded to a wildlife sanctuary. In 1993 the government of Bhutan declared the Royal Manas National Park as the first national part in the country, the an area of 1,057km,it shares its southern border with the Indian Manas Tiger Reserve..The park begin s from the plains where the altitude is as low as 100meters,and ascends to over 2,600meters.The RMNP represents one of the largest protected area for the conservation of tropical and subtropical ecosystems in Bhutan. The park covers part of zhemgang, Sarpang, ang Pemagatshel; it forms a major corridor for the movement of wildlife from Indian plains into interior of Bhutan and vice versa. In this there are many different types of birds, mammals, butterflies, insects and plants and flowers could be found.

Thumshingla National Park (TNP)

This park is located in the heart of Bhutan’s protected area in central part of Bhutan .within the well-defined boundaries of the park of Ura,Tang and Chumey gewogs of Bumthang.The park contains spectacular mountains capes with rich cultural and biological diversity and largest and richest temperate forest in the entire Eastern Himalayas.TNP encompasses all the different vegetation zones of Bhutan and the park harbours floral species from the subtropical to the alpine zone. The varying ecotypes support diverse funal species within the park. About 70 species of mammals, 361spices of birds and many insects, reptiles and butterflies occur in and around the park.

Wangchuck Centennial Park (WCP)

This park is largest national park in Bhutan and represents one of the best remaining Himalayan ecosystems. The park composed of glacial mountains and alpine lakes. The park is important high water tower feeding four major rivers in Bhutan. The Centennial Park is attributing to the Wang chuck dynasty by the government and the people of Bhutan for their selfless leadership of Bhutan and sovereign guidance in ensuring the nation’s soveregnity, stability and tranquility. The park comprise three ecological zones ,cool broad-leaved forest ,mixed conifer forest, fir forest, juniper forest, alpine meadow and scrub, and alpine scree.The largest area of alpine meadows and high altitude fresh water and wetland ecosystem.

Bumdling Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

This park is the extreme northeastern part of Bhutan, bordered by Khoma chhu in the west, Tibet (china) in the north, Arunachal pardesh (India) in the northeast. Is a warm temperate climate in south and alpine climate in the mountainous north. The sanctuary also contain the catchment of two major rivers in Bhutan :( the Kulong Chhu and Dangme Chhu. This park is one of the winter homes in Bhutan for Black-necked cranes, locally known as ‘Thung Thung Karm’.The park is home for mammals,insects,dragonflies,birds.

Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS)

Bhutan is rich in biodiversity and home to nomadic tribes known as “Brokpas’.The region contains vast tracts of pristine mixture conifer forest and high Rhododendron species diversity, considered to be the highest in the country. Located in the easternmost part of Buhtan, bordered by Phongme, Kangpara of Trash gang dristict.This sanctuary is home to several endemic plants and animals as well as species with global conservation significance.Sakteng Wildlife Sanctuary is dominated by coniferous forests, The sanctuary is a wilderness area and an undisturbed habitat for wild fauna.

Phibsoo Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS)

This sanctuary is the smallest protected area in Bhutan; it is also the only where natural Sal forest is found in Bhutan. Located in the Himalayan Foothills of south-central Bhutan bordered by the Sunkosh River to west, Sengye River to east and Dhaneshri ridge as the northern border. This sanctuary is not only critical for the protected area system but also a key piece in connecting the region’s conservation landscape. Phibsoo wildlife sanctuary represent largely undisturbed subtropical ecosystem, it is bestowed with great floral and faunal diversity.

Khaling Wildlife Sanctuary (KWS)

The sanctuary is one of the localities in Bhutan where Pygmy Hog and Hispid Hare have been reported to occure.it contains low-lying broad-leaved forest and subtropical scrub and grassland ecosystems. The sanctuary provides wildlife habit connectivity with protected area in the Indian states of Assam and Arunachal Pardesh. Located in southeastern tip of Bhutan in samdrupjongkhar district.

Toorsa Strict Nature Reserve (TSNR)

Toorsa Strict nature reserve is the only strict Nature reserve protected area in Bhutan. The main reserve is the catchment area of the famous Amo chhu which is known as Toorsa River after crosses into West Bengal in India .The reserve falls under the Kanchenjunga complex, an important transboundary landscape shared by Bhutan,China,Indiaand Nepal which is a part of a globally significant eastern Himalayan Biodiversity hotspot. Located in western corner of Bhutan. The reserve contains subtropical forest, temprate broadleaved and conifer forest to alpine scrub and meadows to permant snowline to the north. The reserve has high altitude aqua fauna species.TSNR also harbours many endangered and endemic floral and faunal of global significance. The reserve is rich in medicinal plants and orchids species. The reserve is also the world’s only natural habitat for the Meconopsis superb or white Poppy. The reserve is rich in butterfly species.

Royal Botanical Park Lamperi (RBPL)

The first recreational park in the country. Located at Lamperi, half way from Thimphu to Punakha and Wangdiphodrang.Dochula passes is located at this park. The Park is a home to many faunal and floral species and endangered species .From the early February, the fascinating colors of Rhododendrons and Primulas in the park begin to greet visitors. The park is rich with mix of broadleaved and conifer forest. Botanical Park is a favorite bird watching site, especially at the Dochula ridge along the East-West national high way.Dochula Pass stands above the treetops and amongst the clouds, it has a magnificent viewpoint where on a clear day it is possible to have a panoramic view of over a dozen snow –covered giant peaks. The Dochula pass is also historically significant as an ancient route that connected western and central Bhutan.

Phobjikha Conservation Area (PCA)

Phobjikha conservation Area is popular known as the abode of Black-necked, known as Thung-thung Karma in Bhutan. The valley is one of the largest and most beautiful wetland and open field s and as the farmed roosting ground of Black-necked cranes in the country. PCA is located in wangdiphodrang district. Conversation area is a home for many faunal and floral species. Phobjikha valley organizes a Black-necked crane festival every November.

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